lesson 53

hot adj 带电的,充电的
fireman n 消防队员
cause v;n 引起;原因
examine v 检查
accidentally adv 意外地,偶然地
remains n 尸体,残骸
wire n 电线
volt n 伏特
power line 电力线
solve v 解决
mystery n 谜
snatch v 抓住
spark n 电火花
hot热的,hot-hot-hot:麻辣烫
hot-wings:辣鸡翅
hot-tempered:火暴(脾气)的
hot line:热线
hot topic:热门话题
hot cake:热蛋糕
hot dog:热狗
it sells like a hot cake/cakes
hot新鲜的
best seller:畅销的东西
hot potato棘手的问题
hot news最热点的新闻
hot snake触电的蛇
hydrant:消防栓
fire extinguisher:灭火器
extinguish=put out:灭火
cause sth:引起麻烦
Carelessness causes accidents。粗心导致事故
Pride causes failure骄傲使人失败
cause sb to do sth
illness caused him to lose his temper
because:因为 be cause
reason:理由,cause:原因
cause:强调事情发生的直接原因
reason:其他各种的理由
examine the soil
check:核实,核对
accident-》accidental-》accidentally
accident:事故
unexpectedly:出乎意料地
remains指dead body
solve the mystery
solve the problem
mystery(无法接受地,解释不了的)
catch:
hold
snatch:(突然抓起来)
seize:抓住(用力)seize my arm

text

Hot snake

At last firemen have put out a big forest
fire in California. Since then, they have
been trying to find out how the fire began.
Forest fire are often caused by broken
glass or by cigarette ends which people
carelessly throw away. Yesterday the fire-
men examined the ground carefully, but
were not able to find any broken glass.
They were also quite sure that a cigarette
end did not start the fire. This morning,
however, a fireman accidentally dis-
covered the cause. He noticed the remains
of a snake which was wound round the
electric wires of a 16,000-volt power line.
In this way, he was able to solve the
mystery. The explanation was simple but
very unusual. A bird had snatched up the snake from the ground and then
dropped it on to the wires. The snake then wound itself round the wires. When
it did so, it sent sparks down to the ground and these immediately started a fire.

put out a fire扑灭火
a fire一场(堆)火
since then 从那时起到现在为止

have been trying to
现在完成时强调的是很有可能
broken glass被打碎的玻璃片
cigarette ends烟头
be sure that:对...很有把握
quite sure:相当的把握性
rather:相当
fairly
quite(=completely)-》rather-》fairly
程度一个比一个轻
quite a few颇有几个(相当多的)
start a fire=cause a fire
accidentally(by chance):偶然地
unexpectedly
cause:直接原因
notice:注意别人没注意的东西
wind one's way:蜿蜒而行
wind:盘旋,缠绕
in this way:以这种方式
explanation:解释
do so:这么做
i refuse to do so我拒绝这么做
send+宾补
down to the ground
get a electric shock

now that既然

special difficulties

quiet adj 安静的
quite adv 相当地,非常地,很
cause/reason
reason:理由,cause:原因(直接)
cause v
1、cause sth:导致,引起
2、cause sb to do sth:导致某人做某事
reason v
reason with sb:劝说(以道理)
beg for sth:乞求什么东西
drop/fall
drop vt
fall vi

multiple choice
6、key phrase:be able to=can,succeed in doing
11、in this way以这种方式
like 在英文中不表示方式
区分同位语从句与定语从句地区别:
如果that做了主语或者宾语,是定语从句
如果that既不作主语也不作宾语,是同位语从句