lesson 55

gold n 金子
mine n 矿
treasure n 财宝
revealer n 探测器
invent v 发明
detect v 探测
bury v 埋藏
cave n 山洞
seashore n 海岸
pirate n 海盗
arm v 武装
soil n 泥土
entrance n 入口
finally adv 最后
worthless adj 毫无价值的
thoroughly adv 彻底地
trunk n 行李箱
confident n 有信心的
value n 价值

gold/golden
sth be made of gold由金子做成的
gold watch 、gold ring
golden sum金色的太阳
Silence is golden沉默是金
golden:金色的,宝贵的
golden opportunity宝贵的机会
golden sentence黄金句型
i am glad to have the golden opportunity to stay with you
gold fish金鱼
all......it not不是所有的
all that glitters is not gold
部分否定 not all
platinum白金
treasure island金银岛
jewel珠宝,(可数)
jewelry珠宝(总称,不可数)
people/police/cattle(总称)
diamond钻石
jade碧玉
reveal揭示
hold one's arm
Farewell!Arms永别了,武器
Soldiers should be armed well士兵应该要很好的武装
the youth should be armed with knowledge
be covered with
the teacher should be patient
the teacher should be armed with patience
earth泥土
soil土壤
entrance of/entrance to
completely/thoroughly/totally
be confident of doing sth
be confident that

text

Dreams of finding lost treasure almost
came true recently. A new machine called
'The Revealer' has been invented and it
has been used to detect gold which has
been buried in the ground. The machine
was used in a cave near the sea-shore
where--it is said--pirates used to hide
gold. The pirates would often bury gold
in the cave and then fail to collect it.
Armed with the new machine, a search
party went into the cave hoping to find
buried treasure. The leader of the party
was examining the soil near the entrance
to the cave when the machine showed
that there was gold under the ground.
Very excited, the party dug a hole two
feet deep. They finally found a small gold coin which was almost worthless. The
party then searched the whole cave thoroughly but did not find anything except
an empty tin trunk. In spite of this, many people are confident that 'The
Revealer' may reveal something of value fairly soon.

dreams come true梦想成真
dreams ended梦想破灭了,梦断了
dream of
dream of doing sth
i dream of flying in the sky
dream of flying in the sky comes true
一句话中只有一个动词,如果再出现动词,可以用and并列连接,也可以变成复合句
用when,because连接,还可以使这个动词表示动词意思,但不做谓语,即非谓语
动词
过去分词做定语,表示被
ploughed field
n+called
the plane called a “Pilatus Porter”
如果用短语修饰其他词,则把短语放在被修饰词的后边
be used to do被用来
used to do
同位语从句中的引导词只要一个that
under the ground
it is said是插入语“据说”
used to常常
would一般表示从过去看将来,但此处表示“used to”过去常做
be armed with
went into the cave
hoping to find
如果几个句子的主语是同一事物,则可以把几个句子合并为一个句子
在把握中心句子的前提下,注意其他成分的合成。如果是主动关系,用ing形式
保留一个句子做主句,其他的变成非谓语动词
非谓语动词采用何种形式,则根据其与主语的关系,如果是主动关系,用ing,被动
关系,则用动词的ed形式
主句与其他句子的位置安排要保持句子的平衡,还要注意动作的连贯
the boy went home。the boy was crying。the boy was beaten
beaten by sb,the boy went home,crying
形容词短语做状语
tired of
two feet deep数词+量词+形容词
long/wide/high/deep
数词+量词+形容词结构可以做定语;也可以做表语
the street is wide
the street is five meters wide
离名词最近的形容词是最被强调的
in spite of尽管
something of value
of 加名词往往让人联想这名词对应的形容词
of value=valuable
形容词要放在不定代词的后边
something important
something of importance
someone patient
someone of patience

multiple choice
3、介词后面要加v+ing形式
被用来做某事,有两种表达方式
如果跟名词相连说be used for
如果跟动词相连说be used to do+v be use

d for +v+ing
8、machine机器
engine发动机
machinery机器(总称,一般后边不会加s,前面也不加a)
mechanic技师
revealer探测器

of small value=worthless不值钱的
of great value非常值钱的