lesson 59

bark v 狗叫
press v 按,压
paw n 脚爪
latch n 门闩
expert n 专家
develop v 养成
habit n 习惯
remove v 拆掉,取下

the dog is barking
somebody is barking某人在咆哮
cat's paw被人所利用的人
i don't want to be a cat's paw我才不想被人利用
bar门闩
expert at/in在某一方面是专家
expert at/in doing sth
develop the file冲洗胶卷
develop:发展
developing skills:发展技巧
developing country:发展中国家
developed country发达国家
bliling water滚开水
boiled water开水
custom:风俗,习俗
customs海关
customer顾客
remove sth from从...挪走

text

Our dog, Rex, used to sit outside our
front gate and bark. Every time he wanted
to come into the garden he would bark
until someone opened the gate. As the
neighbours complained of the noise, my
husband spent weeks training him to
press his paw on the latch to let himself
in. Rex soon became an expert at opening
the gate. However, when I was going out
shopping last week, I noticed him in the
garden near the gate. This time he was
barking so that someone would let him
out ! Since then, he has developed another
bad habit. As soon as he opens the gate
from the outside, he comes into the gar-
den and waits until the gate shuts. Then
he sits and barks until someone lets him out. After this he immediately lets himself
in and begins barking again. Yesterday my husband removed the gate and Rex
got so annoyed we have not seen him since.

let sb in让某人进来
let sb out让某人出去
let sb down让某人失望
let‘s like let's go and so on
front gate
would=used to
every time=when
the monment=as soon as
the monment一...就...(强调的是瞬间
every time:每次,每当
every time i turn to lesson 59,i will remember my teacher

complaim of抱怨
spend time doing花费某段时间去做某事
it takes sb事情做主语
sb spend time人做主语
train sb to do 训练某人做某事

press his paw/press the latch
press the button/press the figure on the button
so that:以便于,为了(表达目的)
so...that...如此...以至于,结果状语从句,可以省略一个词
表达目的:to/in order to/in order that/ so as to/so that,
to+动词原形,他哈特+从句
目的状语从句必须具备一个特征,在动词前面一定要出现情态动词
目的状语从句当中不存在want,只有to do
非谓语动词的否定形式在结构前面
如果发现do的动作不是由主语做的,而是由其他人做的,在to的前面加for sb
不定式的逻辑主语for sb to do sth

multiple choice
6、
so that引导目的状语从句
in case 以防万一,如果
EG.:Bring your unbrella in case it rains
so表示结构:引导句子
7、as soon as he______...
as soon as引导状语从句
状语从句中使用一般现在时取代一般将来时
be opening强调动作正在发生
has been doing现在完成进行时强调从过去延续到现在