【New words and expressions】 生词和短语

★pole n. (地球的)极
South Pole 南极
North Pole 北极
Pole Star 北极星

★flight n. 飞行

★explorer n. 探险家
explore v.探险
exploration n.(科研相关)探险,探求,开发
adventure n.冒险(追求刺激)
venture n. 冒险(为了财富,没有生命保障)

★lie v. 处于
tell a lie 撒谎
lie n.谎言; lie v.撒谎 Eg.:You lied. You,liar!
lie,lied,lied 撒谎
lie/lai/,lay/lei/,lain/lein/处于,位于
stay in bed/lie in bed 躺在床上
in bed 介词短语, lie vi.
lie 现在分词--> lying
lay v. 放,放置; lay an egg 下一个蛋
lay vt. lay sth. 放,放置
lay,laid,laid

hang,hung,hung 挂,悬挂
hang,hanged,hanged, 绞刑

You lied!
You lied to me.
LIe in bed

★serious adj. 严重的

★point n. 地点
point 点,一般指从飞机上向下看的点
地点 place,spot
dot 点
@-> at

★seem v. 似乎
seem + as if
seem + adv.
seem  to be
seem  that...
Eg. : He seems rich.
   He seems to be rich.
   It seems that he is rich.
it seems that...看起来似乎...
seem as if 看起来似乎
Eg.: He seems as if he had never lived in England before.

★crash v. 坠毁
crash(从上向下掉)
aircrash 空难
strike 撞击
clash 撞击,冲突

★sack n. 袋子

★clear v. 越过
over越过(距离)
clear(凌空)越过
go over飞跃
clear the mountain 飞跃山峰
The horse cleared the fense.

★aircraft n. 飞机

★endless adj. 无尽的

★plain n. 平原
mountains 高山
plain girl 平凡的女孩
Eg.: I'm a plain girl.

  First listen and then answer the question.
  听录音,然后回答以下问题。
  How was the plane able to clear the mountains?

  In 1929, three years after his flight over the North Pole, the American explorer, R.E. Byrd, successfully flew over the South Pole for the first time. Though, at first, Byrd and his men were able to take a great many photographs of the mountains that lay below, they soon ran into serious trouble. At one point, it seemed certain that their plane would crash. It could only get over the mountains if it rose to 10,000 feet. Byrd at once ordered his men to throw out two heavy food sacks. The plane was then able to rise and it cleared the mountains by 400 feet. Byrd now knew that he would be able to reach the South Pole which was 300 miles away, for there were no more mountains in sight. The aircraft was able to fly over the endless white plains without difficulty.

参考译文

  美国探险家 R.E. 伯德在飞越北极3年之后,于1929年第一次飞越了南极。虽然开始时伯德和他的助手们拍下了飞机下面连绵群山的大量照片,但他们很快就陷入了困境。在有个地方,飞机似乎肯定要坠毁了。只有在飞至10,000英尺的高度时,它才能飞过这些山头。伯德马上命令他的助手们把两个沉重的食物袋扔掉,于是飞机可以上升了,它在离山头400英尺的高度飞越了过去。伯德这时知道他能够顺利飞抵300英里以外的南极了,因为前面再没有山了。飞机可以毫无困难地飞过这片茫茫无际的白色原野!

Exercises:
can...可能性
be able to...可能性,成功地做

4.....a...
could与过去时态有关,强调可能性
be able to强调成功地做
用过去式表达,表示在过去发生
过去完成时,强调在过去的过去

5...d...
could rise...有可能,不知道结果
might rise...可能
might succeed in rising...可能成功地做
rose...没有情态单词,表示已经成为事实

6...d...
be able to
was/were able to ……表示这个动作在过去成功地做
will be able to……将来可能会成=can