【New words and expressions】 生词和短语

★reward n. 报偿
give ab.a reward  n.
reward sb.with sth. v. 用...来奖赏某人
reward sb.for sth.  
...reward him for the first prize.

★virtue n. 美德
strongpoints  merit 长处,优点
shortpoints  weak points 短处,缺点

★diet n. 节食
go on a diet

★forbid v. 禁止
forbid sb. to do sth.:禁止某人做某事
allow sb.to do

forbad : 
forbidden :Forbidden City 紫禁城 forbidden fruit 禁果
lost:一个动词的过去分词可以作为形容词用
broken glass

★hurriedly adv. 匆忙地

★embarrass v. 使尴尬
embarrassing :令人尴尬
embarrassed :感到尴尬
sth embarrassed me.
You embarrassed me.
embarrassment
to my embarrassment 让我感到尴尬

★guiltily adv. 内疚地
guilty consicience 问心有愧
clear conscience 问心无愧

★strict adj. 严格的
be strict with sb.
be strict in sth

★reward v. 给奖赏

★occasionally adv. 偶尔地
on the occasion
at times
How often do you visit your parents?
off and on 偶尔
now and again

  First listen and then answer the question.
  听录音,然后回答以下问题。
  Why did Hugh's diet not work?

  My friend, Hugh, has always been fat, but things got so bad recently that he decided to go on a diet. He began his diet a week ago. First of all, he wrote out a long list of all the foods which were forbidden. The list included most of the things Hugh loves: butter, potatoes, rice, beer, milk, chocolate; and sweets. Yesterday I paid him a visit. I rang the bell and was not surprised to see that Hugh was still as fat as ever. He led me into his room and hurriedly hid a large parcel under his desk. It was obvious that he was very embarrassed. When I asked him what he was doing, he smiled guiltily and then put the parcel on the desk. He explained that his diet was so strict that he had to reward himself occasionally. Then he showed me the contents of the parcel. It contained five large bars of chocolate and three bags of sweets!