【New words and expressions】 生词和短语

★Hubble n. 哈勃

★telescope n. 望远镜

★launch v. 发射

★space n. 空间
指宇宙空间
room 空间,不可数
Could you make room for me?

★NASA n.(National Aeronautics and Space Administration) 国家航空和航天局

★billion n. 10亿

★faulty adj. 有错误的
fault n.错误

★astronaut n. 宇航员

★shuttle n. 航天飞机

★Endeavour n. “奋进”号

★robot-arm n. 机器手

★grab v. 抓

★atmosphere n. 大气层
atmosphere 氛围
Eg.:I went to the New Concept English of New Oriental School for its good atmosphere.

★distant adj. 遥远的

★galaxy n. 星系

★universe n. 宇宙

★eagle eye 鹰眼

  First listen and then answer the question.
  听录音,然后回答以下问题。
  What is the special importance of a telescope in space?

  The Hubble telescope was launched into space by NASA on April 20,1990 at a cost of over a billion dollars. Right from the start there was trouble with the Hubble. The pictures it sent us were very disappointing because its main mirror was faulty! NASA is now going to put the telescope right, so it will soon be sending up four astronauts to repair it. The shuttle Endeavour will be taking the astronauts to the Hubble. A robot-arm from the Endeavour will grab the telescope and hold it while the astronauts make the necessary repairs. Of course, the Hubble is above the earth's atmosphere, so it will soon be sending us the clearest pictures of the stars and distant galaxies that we have ever seen. The Hubble will tell us a great deal about the age and size of the universe. By the time you read this, the Hubble's eagle eye will have sent us thousands and thousands of wonderful pictures.

 

参考译文

  哈勃望远镜于1990年4月20日由国家航空航天局发射升空,耗资10多亿美元。从最开始哈勃望远镜就有问题。它传送给我们的图像很令人失望,因为它的主要镜子有误差。国家航天局准备纠正这一错误,为此将把4名宇航员送入太空修复望远镜。“奋进”号航天飞机将把宇航员送上哈勃。当宇航员进行必要的修复工作时,“奋进”号上的一只机器手将抓住望远镜并托住它。当然,哈勃位于地球的大气层之外,因此,它很快就会给我们传送我们所见到过的、有关行星和远距离星系的最清晰的照片。哈勃将告诉我们有关宇宙的年龄和大小的许多事情。等到你读到这篇文章时,敏锐的哈勃望远镜已经为我们送来了成千上万张精彩的照片。


科普性文章结构简单,句式单一,单词教难
学会逻辑阅读
at a ost of 花费
Hubble
telescope
Hubble telescope 在句中做主语
was launched 动词谓语
NASA (单词缩写)组织或者机构

there was trouble with the Hubble
there be 句型
trouble with 关于...有麻烦
what's the trouble with you?
start 开始
定语从句省略引导词
主句:The pictures ...were...
-ing 令人……的
Sorry,it's my fault
faulty adj.有错误的
be going to 将要
put sth.right 把某物放正确
it 指代 NASA
send up 往上送
The shuttle Endeavour 主语,可能是交通工具
robot-arm :arm 手臂
hold it 抓住它
repairs 修理
above 在...上面(悬空的)
NASA = National Aeronautics and Space Administration 国家航空航天局
astronaut n. 飞行员
atmosphere
distant galaxies
stars 星星
a great deal (of) 大量(的)

by the time 到那时
everytime 每当
by the time you read this 到你读这篇文章的时候

will have done 将来完成式
thousands and thousands of 成千上万的

Hubble telescope 被人类送上天空的一种仪器
space 宇宙
launch 送进
disppinting 令人失望
astronaut 宇航员
robot-arm 机器人手臂