【New words and expressions】 生词和短语

★persistent adj. 坚持的,固执的
You are stubborn.
persist:坚持(不顾阻拦一味的坚持)persist in doing sth.
insist:坚持(认为、说、是人的一种态度) insist on doing sth.
perseverance:坚持不懈(褒义)      persevere in

★avoid v. 避开
avoid doing sth.

★insist v. 坚持做

  First listen and then answer the question.
  听录音,然后回答以下问题。
  Why did Elizabeth tell Nigel that she was going to the dentist?

  I crossed the street to avoid meeting him, but he saw me and came running towards me. It was no use pretending that I had not seen him, so I waved to him. I never enjoy meeting Nigel Dykes. He never has anything to do. No matter how busy you are, he always insists on coming with you. I had to think of a way of preventing him from following me around all morning.
  'Hello, Nigel,' I said. 'Fancy meeting you here!'
  'Hi, Elizabeth,' Nigel answered. 'I was just wondering how to spend the morning -- until I saw you. You're not busy doing anything, are you?'
  'No, not at all,' I answered. 'I'm going to...'
  'Would you mind my coming with you?' he asked, before I had finished speaking.
  'Not at all,' I lied, 'but I'm going to the dentist.'
  'Then I'll come with you,' he answered. 'There's always plenty to read in the waiting room!


参考译文

  我穿过马路以便避开他,但他看到我并朝我跑过来。若再装作没看见他已是没有用了,我只好向他招手。我就怕遇到奈杰尔.戴克斯。他从来都是无事可做,不管你多忙,他总是坚持要跟你去。我得想办法不让他整个上午缠着我。
  “你好,奈杰尔,想不到在这儿见到你。”我说。
  “你好,伊丽莎白,”奈杰尔回答说,“我正不知道怎么消磨这一上午呢,正好见到好。你不忙,是吗?”
  “不,不忙,我打算去......”我回答。
  “我跟你一道去行吗?”没等我说完话他就问道。
  “没关系,但我准备去牙医那里。”我说了个谎。
  “那我也跟你去,候诊室里总有很多东西可供阅读!”他回答。

【课文讲解】

avoid meeting

cross:(v.)穿过
across:(adv./prep)穿过

came running 向我跑过来
go shopping,go swimming,go skating

it is no use doing...做某件事情是没有用处的
It is no use crying over the spilled millk.

enjoy doing
like,love,enjoy,appreciate

用不定式做定语,修饰anything
insists on coming

No matter :无论+从句(要以特殊疑问词引导)
No matter how busy you are.

I had to think of a way of preventing
think of a way of doing :想一个作某事的方法
prevent do from doing sth :让某人不做某事
stop sb.from doing sth ;让某人不做某事
keep sb.from doing sth.
forbid sb.to do sth.

Fancy meeting you here? 真想不到会在这里见到你!
fancy = imagine
fancy + 名词——表示惊讶
不定式的复合结构,做宾语从句