Lesson 67 The weekend 周末

来源:24EN.COM  日期:2008-06-26  阅读 次  作者:  评论  划词  进入论坛  投稿
听录音,然后回答以下问题:
What are the Johnsons going to do at the weekend? 约翰逊夫妇周末预备做什么?
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听录音,然后回答问题: What are the Johnsons going to do at the weekend? 约翰逊夫妇周末预备做什么?


MRS.JOHNSON:
Hello.Where you at the butcher's? 约翰逊夫人:您好。刚才您在肉店里吗?
MRS.WILLIAMS:
Yes. I was.Were you at butcher's, too? 威廉斯夫人:是的,我在肉店里。 您也在肉店里吗?
MRS.JOHNSON:
No, I wasn't. 约翰逊夫人:不, 我不是。
I was at the greengrocer's. 我在蔬菜水果店里。
How's Jimmy today? 吉米今天怎么样?
MRS.WILLIAMS:He's very well, thank you. 威廉斯夫人:他很好,谢谢您。
MRS.JOHNSON: Was he absent from school last week? 约翰逊夫人:上星期他没上学吧?
MRS.WILLIAMS:
Yes, he was.
He was absent on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Tuesday.
How are you all keeping?
威廉斯夫人:是的,他没上学。他星期一、星期二、星期三和星期四没去上学。你们身体都好吗?
MRS.JOHNSON:
Very well, thank you.
We're going to spend three days in the country.
We're going to stay at my mother's for the weekend.
约翰逊夫人:很好,谢谢您。我们打算到乡下去三三,在我母亲家度周末。
MRS.WILLIAMS:
Friday, Saturday and Sunday in the country!
Aren't you lucky!
威廉斯夫人:星期五、星期六和星期日在乡下过!你们真幸运啊!

New words and expressions & Notes

[词汇](14)
greengrocer n. 蔬菜水果零售商
absent adj. 缺席的
Monday n. 星期一
Tuesday n. 星期二
Wednesday n. 星期三
Thursday n. 星期四
keep v. (身体健康)处于(状况)
spend v. 度过
weekend n. 周末
Friday n. 星期五
Saturday n. 星期六
Sunday n. 星期日
country n. 乡村
lucky adj. 幸运的
★greengrocer n. 蔬菜水果零售商
在英文中,表示店铺、住宅、公共机构、公共建筑物以及教堂的名字或某人家时,名词所有格后常不出现它所修饰的名词:
at the greengrocer's (shop) 在蔬菜水果店
at the butcher's (shop) 在肉店里
at the dentist's (office) 在牙医的诊所
at the hairdresser's (shop) 在理发店
at the stationer’s (shop) 在文具店
at my mother's house = at my mother's
I am going to stay at my mother's this Friday.
They are going to stay at her mother's this weekend.

★absent adj. 缺席的
be absent from 不在,缺席
be absent from school 缺课
be absent from work 旷工
She is often absent from school.

★keep v. (身体健康)处于(状况)
① v. 使保持某状态;保持
Keep the fire burning.
② v. 保存;保留
He would not be able to keep his job. 他恐怕保不住他那份工作了。
③ v. 保守;储藏
Would you keep my things for me while I’m away?
在我离开的这段时间里,你能为我保管一下东西吗?

★spend v. 度过
① v. 花(时间等);度过
spend n./pron. 度过
spend my holiday
We are going to spend three days at my mother’s.
I want to spend my holiday in the country this weekend.
I hope that you wouldn’t spend so much time watching television.
Where are the Johnsons going to spend the weekend?
② v. 用(钱),花费
spend 时间/金钱 on sth.
Women spend a lot of money on clothes.
Children spend a lot of time on Internet.
At present, more and more people have come to realize that more money should be spent on health and education.
目前,越来越多的人已开始熟悉到:应该在健康和教育方面多花些钱。
spend 时间/金钱 (in) doing sth.
The manager spent 2 hours explaining the plan at the meeting.

spend 人作主语
expend 花费很大量,更多的主语是政府或一个机构[数额较大,比较正式的用法]
cost [物做主语,表示物的售价]
It cost me …
I bought a new necklace, it costs me 2000 dollars.
afford 人作主语,支付得起,腾出时间
I can’t afford it.
I want to have a picnic with some of my friends, but they can’t afford some time for me.
I can afford one day for you.
take [花时间]
It takes sb. some time to do sth.
It took me 3 hours to explain this plan.
pay [人做主语,人为某物付钱]

★country n. 乡村
① n. 国家;国土;故乡
India, a former British colony, is now a fully independent country.
曾一度为英国殖民地的印度如今已是一个完全独立的国家。
② n. 乡下,乡村
the country = the countryside 乡下
country表示“农村”时,前面一定要加定冠词the。
③ adj. 乡下的;乡村风味的
I prefer country life to life in the city.
乡村生活与城市生活相比,我更喜欢乡村生活。
After nearly thirty years in the city, he’s still country.
他在城里住了将近三十年,可还是土气十足。

★lucky adj. 幸运的
① adj. 有好运的,幸运的
She was lucky to get such a well-paid job.
她能得到这样一个报酬优厚的工作真幸运。
② adj. 侥幸的,碰巧的
He didn’t really know the answer - it was just a lucky guess.
他并非真知道答案——那不过是个侥幸的猜测。
It’s lucky he’s here.
他碰巧在这儿。

luck ——lucky
lucky dog 幸运儿
luck n. 命运
good luck
have no luck 没有运气
by pure luck 纯粹靠运气
try one’s luck 试试某人的运气
fate 命运
destiny 宿命
That’s my destiny.

[语法]
一般过去时
概念:描述过去的事实或状态,描述过去的动作。在英语中,非现在的以前都叫过去。过去发生的而现在已经结束的动作要用一般过去时来表示。
1、表示过去某个点上特定的时间存在的状态,事实,或发生的动作。
2、表示在过去的一段时间内经常发生的动作或反复的习惯。
be动词is的过去式是was、are是were
肯定句:S was/ were/ v(e)d …age /yesterday/ just now
否定句:S wasn’t/ weren’t/ didn’t V(原形)
一般疑问句:was/ were S …?
Did S V原 …?
回答:Yes, S was/ were/ did.
No, S wasn’t/weren’t /didn’t

动词的过去式变化
动词的过去式分为规则和不规则变化两种:
规则变化:
1、一般的动词后面直接加-ed
① 清辅音后面加ed,读
asked
jumped
② 浊辅音或元音后面加ed,读
cleaned
lied
waited
③ d/t ed [id]
2、单词末尾是e的直接加d,e d发音规则同上
believe, argue, waste
believed, argued, wasted
3、假如是辅音字母加y结尾的单词,要把y变i加ed
辅音 y ——>i ed
study -> studied, empty -> emptied, cry -> cried
play -> played,enjoy -> enjoyed
empty -> empties -> emptied -> emptying
4、单词是以短元音加一个辅音结尾,这个辅音要双写加ed
短元音 辅音字母——>双写辅音字母 ed
chat -> chatted, stop -> stopped, beg -> begged, fit -> fitted

不规则变化
buy -> bought -> bought lose -> lost -> lose
find -> found -> found make -> made -> made
get -> got -> got meet -> met -> met
have -> had -> had send -> sent -> sent
hear -> heard -> heard sweep -> swept -> swept
leave -> left -> left tell -> told -> told

否定疑问句
否定疑问句表示双重肯定,表示说话者惊异的情绪、责难的口吻或赞叹;也可表示说话者的某种建议、邀请、请求或看法等。
Haven’t I asked you? 难道我没问过你吗?
Aren’t you a student?
Can’t you wait a moment? 你不能等一会儿吗?
回答这种问题这种问题时用简略回答。假如答语是肯定的,就用Yes;假如答语是否定的,就用No。但答语的汉语译法有非凡之处。
Don’t you know English?
Yes, I do. 不,我懂。

[课文]
MRS.JOHNSON: Hello. Were you at the butcher's?
MRS.WILLIAMS: Yes, I was. Were you at the butcher's, too?
MRS.JOHNSON: No, I wasn't.
I was at the greengrocer's.
How's Jimmy today?
MRS.WILLIAMS: He's very well, thank you.
MRS.JOHNSON: Was he absent from school last week?
MRS.WILLIAMS: Yes, he was.
He was absent on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Tuesday.
MRS.WILLIAMS: How are you all keeping?
MRS.JOHNSON: Very well, thank you.
We're going to spend three days in the country.
We're going to stay at my mother's for the weekend.
MRS.WILLIAMS: Friday, Saturday and Sunday in the country!
Aren't you lucky!


[课文注释]
It is a story about two women, Mrs. Johnson and Mrs. Williams. They are talking about a boy called Jimmy. Jimmy is a middle school student and he was ill last week, and he was absent from school last week and Mrs. Williams is Jimmy’s mother.

1、We're going to stay at my mother's for the weekend.
stay in bed 呆在床上
in the bed 在床上(躺在床上)
on the bed 坐在床上
stay at home 呆在家里(home作名词)
stay home (home做副词)

2、We're going to stay at my mother's for the weekend.
for the weekend 整个周末这几天时间
at the weekend 强调时间的某一点

转贴于:24EN.COM

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