语法讲解

He is the man. He came here last week. who

He is the man who came here last week.

She is the woman. I served the woman yesterday. who/whom

She is the woman who I served yesterday.

He likes the house which has many windows.

当先行词是物时,后边是which。which后有两种情况。

1 主语 + 及物动词。

2 主语 + 不及物动词 + 介词。

This is the letter. I received the letter yesterday. the letter/ which

This is the letter which I received yesterday.

I like the house. He lives in the house. the house/ which

I like the house which he lives in. (which可以省略)

I like the house in which he lives. (which不可以省略)

That is the boy. I talked about the boy last week. the boy/who/whom

That is the boy who/whom I talked about/told you about last week.

That is the boy about whom I told you last week.

当先行词是人时,后边是who/that

当先行词是人且人做宾语时,后边是who/whom/that

1 在从句的情况下,人作主语,后边是及物动词或不及物动词加介词,这样的情况下,关系代词可以省略。

2 如果介词提前了,介词后只能加whom

当先行词是物时,后边是which/that,如果从句是进行时态,which和be动词都可以省略。

当先行词是物时,关系代词是which/that,后边是人或物都可,后边接及物动词或不及物动词加介词,which/that 作宾语,则可以省略

如果是不及物动词加介词情况下,把介词提前,只能用which.

 

当先行词是人和动词时,后边是that

I saw a boy. The boy and his dog were walking in the park.

I saw a boy and his dog that were walking in the park.

当先行词前由序数词、最高级以及the only, the very, the same, all所修饰,或先行词为nothing, anything, everything 等不定代词时,后边的关系代词只能是that.

以who/what/which开头的疑问句,后边的关系代词只能是that.

 

补充材料 P33

II.

9 that

10 that

3 which

4 who/that

5 who/whom/that

6 which/that

7 which/that

8 who/whom/that

 

Lesson 122 Who(whom), which and that

 

Who served you?

The man (who/ that is) standing behind the counter.

The man (who/ that is) standing behind the counter served me.

Who served you?

The woman who/that is standing behind the counter.

Who is making all that noise?

The men (who/that are) repairing the road (are making all that noise).

I served him yesterday.

He is the man who(m)/that I served yesterday.

I served her yesterday.

She is the woman who(m)/that I served yesterday.

I saw them yesterday.

They are the men who(m)/that I saw yesterday.

Which book did you buy?

The book which/that is on the counter.

I bought the book which …

Which books did you buy?

The books which/that are on the counter.

I bought the books which …

Which dog is yours?

The dog (which/that is) carrying that basket (is mine).

 

[词汇]

road n. 路

 

Exercises P248

Examples:

1 This is the car (which) the mechanic repaired yesterday.

2 He is the man (who/whom) I invited to the party.

3 These are the things (which) I bought yesterday.

4 He is the man who came here last week.

5 He is the policeman who caught the thieves.

6 She is the nurse who looked after me.

7 She is the woman (who/whom) I met at the party.

8 I am the person who wrote to you.

 

B Example

1 Who met him? That woman?

  Yes, she is the woman who met him.

2 Who sat there? That man?

  Yes, he is the man who sat there.

3 Who made it? That woman?

  Yes, she is the woman who made it.

4 Who read it? That man?

  Yes, he is the man who read it.

5 Who shut it? That man?

  Yes, he is the man who shut it.

8 Who saw me? That woman?

  Yes, she is the woman who saw me.