1. as… as… 结构
as soon as 一……就……
例:I will tell him as soon as I see him.

as soon as possible 尽快
例:He asked me to come back as soon as possible.

as +形容词或副词的原级+as 像…一样
例:This building looks as high as that one.

2. ask 句型
ask (sb.) for sth. 向……要/求……
例:He felt too ashamed to ask us for help.

ask/tell sb. (how) to do sth. 告诉某人怎么做某事
例:They asked / told us to return the book on time.

ask/tell sb. (not) to do sth. 让某人(不要)做某事
例:The old man asked / told us not to swim in the river.

3. get句型
get +比较级 变得……
例:People’s life is getting better and better.

get ready for/get sth. ready 为…做好了准备/准备好了……
例:We should get ready for the difficulty.

4. keep 句型
keep sb. doing 让某人一直做某事
例:He kept me waiting for half an hour.

keep doing 坚持做某事
例:Keep studying, maybe one day you can join us.

keep/make sth. + adj. 让……怎么样
例:The teacher asked us to keep the classroom clean.
The news made her happy.

5. find 句型
find it + adj. to do sth. 发现做某事怎么样
例:They found it impossible to get enough money.

find sb. do/doing sth. 发现某人做/正在做某事
例:I find the boys flying kites in Tian’anmen Square.

6. help句型
help sb. (to) do / help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事/在……方面帮助某人
例:They helped us to cross the river.
My brother helped me with the problem.

7. 四个花费
sb. spend some time/some money on sth. / (in) doing sth.
例:We spent much time reading.
Don’t spend so much money on clothes.

It takes sb. some time to do sth.
例:It takes me half an hour to read books every day.

It cost sb. some money to do sth. / sth. cost sb. some money
例:It cost me 200 yuan to buy the wallet.
The wallet cost me 200 yuan.

sb pays some money for sth.
例:I paid 200 yuan for the wallet.

8. prefer 句型
prefer to 更喜欢做某事
例:I prefer cats to dogs.

Prefer A to B / prefer to doing A to doing B 喜欢A胜过B /喜欢做A胜过做B
例:We prefer to eat out.
I prefer doing homework to going shopping with you.

9. see/hear sb. do/doing sth. 看见/听见某人做/正在做某事
例:I saw him come into your room.
I hear him singing songs next door.

10. afraid 句型
be afraid of sth. / doing sth./ to do sth. / that 害怕某事/做某事/……
例:She is afraid of spiders.
I am afraid of staying at home alone. = I am afraid to stay at home alone.
She was afraid that the dog would bite.

I’m afraid that … 恐怕……
例:I’m afraid that I cannot go with you.

11. busy 句型
be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事
例:He was busy finishing his work.

12. be + adj. + for 句型
be famous/late/sorry for … 因……而著名/迟到……/对……抱歉
例:He was late for school yesterday.
New York is famous for tall buildings.
I’m sorry for your father’s death.

13. glad句型
be glad that 很高兴……
例:I’m glad that he’s feeling better.

14. 就近一致的句型
either … or 要么……要么……
例:You can either write or phone me.

neither…nor 既不…也不…
例:He neither knows nor cares what happened.

not only … but also 不仅…而且…
例:Not only my parents but also my sister has been to the Great Wall.

There be 有
例:There is a bed, a table and some chairs in her bedroom.

15. 比较级句型
It is the second + 最高级 + n. 这是第二……
例:It is the second most expensive hat.

…is one of the + 最高级 + n (pl) … 最……之一
例:It is one of the highest buildings in the world.

The + 比较级, … the + 比较级 … 越……, 越……
例:The harder he works, the happier he feels.

比较级 and 比较级 越来越…
例:Our motherland is becoming stronger and stronger.

16. V+doing 句型
enjoy/hate/like/finish/stop/mind/keep/go on + doing sth.
例: He enjoys / likes watching TV at home.
I hate working on Sundays.
They finished / kept / went on repairing the broken bike.
I don’t mind going shopping tomorrow.
The students stopped talking when the teacher came in.

17. V+sth. to sb. 句型
give/show/bring/lend/send/pass/tell sth. to sb.
例:Please pass / show / lend / bring / send the book to me.
My mother told the story to me.
He gave the picture to Tom yesterday.

18. V + sb. sth.
buy/give/show/bring/lend/send/pass/tell sb. sth.
例:My father bought / gave / showed / passed me the new bike.
Kate told me the news.
He lent / sent / gave me his new dictionary.

19. V+ sb. do sth.
make / let / have sb. (not) do sth.
例:The teacher made / let / had the students clean the classroom.

20. had better 句型
had better (not) do sth. 最好做/不要做某事
例: You’d better study hard. / You’d better not smoke.

21. It 句型
It is + adj. for sb. to do sth. 做某事怎么样
例:It is important for us to protect the environment.

It looks like / It sounds like … 看起来像/听起来像
例:It looks like a cartoon character.
It sounds like a nice room.

It seems to sb. that 看起来……
例:It seems to us that he knew everything.

It sounds + adj. / It looks + adj. 听起来……/看起来……
例: It sounds great!
It looks nice!

It’s bad / good for... 对……不好/有好处
例:It’s bad for us to watch TV for a long time.
It’s good for us to get up early.

It’s time for / to do sth.该……了
例:It’s time to go home.
It’s time for dinner.

It’s two meters (years) long (wide, high, tall …) ……长/高/宽
例:It’s ten meters high.

22. not … at all 一点也不
例:I don’t want to play football at all.

23. not … until… 直到 ……才
例:He didn’t come home until 2 o’clock.

24. one … the other / some … others 一个 …… 另一个 / 一些 …… 另一些
例:I have two aunts; one lives in Tokyo and the other in Osaka.
Some students are playing basketball and others are playing tennis.

25. so … that… 如此 …… 以至
例:The box is so heavy that we couldn’t carry it.

26. such a + adj + n + that 如此 …… 以至
例:It is such an interesting book that we all want to read it.

27. too … to … 句型 太 …… 而不能
例:He is too young to go to school.

28. thank sb. for sth. / doing sth. 为 …… 感谢某人
例:Thank you for your help. / Thank you for helping me.

29. used 句型
used to do sth. 过去常常做某事 / be (get,become) used to sth./doing sth. 习惯做某事
例:He used to smoke.
He is used to hard work. / He gets used to getting up early.

30. take和bring
例:Please bring me some coffee. (带来)
I took an umbrella with me. (带走)

31. wrong 和 matter 句型
There is sth. wrong with ….
What’s the matter with …?
What’s wrong with …?
例:There is something wrong with my computer.
What’s the matter with your bike?
What’s wrong with your bike?

32 表达自己和询问别人的意见
I don’t think that …
I would like to / Would you like to …
Why not do / Why don’t you do sth.?
Will (Would, Could) you please do sth.?
What about /How about doing sth.?
It’s a good idea to do sth.

例:I don’t think that he can win the match.
I would like to go for a walk.
Would you like to / please go with me?
Why not go with me? / Why don’t you go home?
How / What about going swimming this afternoon?
It’s a good idea to watch English movies to improve your listening.