1. as… as… 结构
as soon as 一……就……
例：I will tell him as soon as I see him.
as soon as possible 尽快
例：He asked me to come back as soon as possible.
as +形容词或副词的原级+as 像…一样
例：This building looks as high as that one.
2. ask 句型
ask (sb.) for sth. 向……要/求……
例：He felt too ashamed to ask us for help.
ask/tell sb. (how) to do sth. 告诉某人怎么做某事
例：They asked / told us to return the book on time.
ask/tell sb. (not) to do sth. 让某人（不要）做某事
例：The old man asked / told us not to swim in the river.
get +比较级 变得……
例：People’s life is getting better and better.
get ready for/get sth. ready 为…做好了准备/准备好了……
例：We should get ready for the difficulty.
4. keep 句型
keep sb. doing 让某人一直做某事
例：He kept me waiting for half an hour.
keep doing 坚持做某事
例：Keep studying, maybe one day you can join us.
keep/make sth. + adj. 让……怎么样
例：The teacher asked us to keep the classroom clean.
The news made her happy.
5. find 句型
find it + adj. to do sth. 发现做某事怎么样
例：They found it impossible to get enough money.
find sb. do/doing sth. 发现某人做/正在做某事
例：I find the boys flying kites in Tian’anmen Square.
help sb. (to) do / help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事/在……方面帮助某人
例：They helped us to cross the river.
My brother helped me with the problem.
sb. spend some time/some money on sth. / (in) doing sth.
例：We spent much time reading.
Don’t spend so much money on clothes.
It takes sb. some time to do sth.
例：It takes me half an hour to read books every day.
It cost sb. some money to do sth. / sth. cost sb. some money
例：It cost me 200 yuan to buy the wallet.
The wallet cost me 200 yuan.
sb pays some money for sth.
例：I paid 200 yuan for the wallet.
8. prefer 句型
prefer to 更喜欢做某事
例：I prefer cats to dogs.
Prefer A to B / prefer to doing A to doing B 喜欢A胜过B /喜欢做A胜过做B
例：We prefer to eat out.
I prefer doing homework to going shopping with you.
9. see/hear sb. do/doing sth. 看见/听见某人做/正在做某事
例：I saw him come into your room.
I hear him singing songs next door.
10. afraid 句型
be afraid of sth. / doing sth./ to do sth. / that 害怕某事/做某事/……
例：She is afraid of spiders.
I am afraid of staying at home alone. = I am afraid to stay at home alone.
She was afraid that the dog would bite.
I’m afraid that … 恐怕……
例：I’m afraid that I cannot go with you.
11. busy 句型
be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事
例：He was busy finishing his work.
12. be + adj. + for 句型
be famous/late/sorry for … 因……而著名/迟到……/对……抱歉
例：He was late for school yesterday.
New York is famous for tall buildings.
I’m sorry for your father’s death.
be glad that 很高兴……
例：I’m glad that he’s feeling better.
either … or 要么……要么……
例：You can either write or phone me.
例：He neither knows nor cares what happened.
not only … but also 不仅…而且…
例：Not only my parents but also my sister has been to the Great Wall.
There be 有
例：There is a bed, a table and some chairs in her bedroom.
It is the second + 最高级 + n. 这是第二……
例：It is the second most expensive hat.
…is one of the + 最高级 + n (pl) … 最……之一
例：It is one of the highest buildings in the world.
The + 比较级, … the + 比较级 … 越……, 越……
例：The harder he works, the happier he feels.
比较级 and 比较级 越来越…
例：Our motherland is becoming stronger and stronger.
16. V+doing 句型
enjoy/hate/like/finish/stop/mind/keep/go on + doing sth.
例: He enjoys / likes watching TV at home.
I hate working on Sundays.
They finished / kept / went on repairing the broken bike.
I don’t mind going shopping tomorrow.
The students stopped talking when the teacher came in.
17. V+sth. to sb. 句型
give/show/bring/lend/send/pass/tell sth. to sb.
例：Please pass / show / lend / bring / send the book to me.
My mother told the story to me.
He gave the picture to Tom yesterday.
18. V + sb. sth.
buy/give/show/bring/lend/send/pass/tell sb. sth.
例：My father bought / gave / showed / passed me the new bike.
Kate told me the news.
He lent / sent / gave me his new dictionary.
19. V+ sb. do sth.
make / let / have sb. (not) do sth.
例：The teacher made / let / had the students clean the classroom.
20. had better 句型
had better (not) do sth. 最好做/不要做某事
例: You’d better study hard. / You’d better not smoke.
21. It 句型
It is + adj. for sb. to do sth. 做某事怎么样
例：It is important for us to protect the environment.
It looks like / It sounds like … 看起来像/听起来像
例：It looks like a cartoon character.
It sounds like a nice room.
It seems to sb. that 看起来……
例：It seems to us that he knew everything.
It sounds + adj. / It looks + adj. 听起来……/看起来……
例： It sounds great!
It looks nice!
It’s bad / good for... 对……不好/有好处
例：It’s bad for us to watch TV for a long time.
It’s good for us to get up early.
It’s time for / to do sth.该……了
例：It’s time to go home.
It’s time for dinner.
It’s two meters (years) long (wide, high, tall …) ……长/高/宽
例：It’s ten meters high.
22. not … at all 一点也不
例：I don’t want to play football at all.
23. not … until… 直到 ……才
例：He didn’t come home until 2 o’clock.
24. one … the other / some … others 一个 …… 另一个 / 一些 …… 另一些
例：I have two aunts; one lives in Tokyo and the other in Osaka.
Some students are playing basketball and others are playing tennis.
25. so … that… 如此 …… 以至
例：The box is so heavy that we couldn’t carry it.
26. such a + adj + n + that 如此 …… 以至
例：It is such an interesting book that we all want to read it.
27. too … to … 句型 太 …… 而不能
例：He is too young to go to school.
28. thank sb. for sth. / doing sth. 为 …… 感谢某人
例：Thank you for your help. / Thank you for helping me.
29. used 句型
used to do sth. 过去常常做某事 / be (get，become) used to sth./doing sth. 习惯做某事
例：He used to smoke.
He is used to hard work. / He gets used to getting up early.
例：Please bring me some coffee. （带来）
I took an umbrella with me. （带走）
31. wrong 和 matter 句型
There is sth. wrong with ….
What’s the matter with …?
What’s wrong with …?
例：There is something wrong with my computer.
What’s the matter with your bike?
What’s wrong with your bike?
I don’t think that …
I would like to / Would you like to …
Why not do / Why don’t you do sth.?
Will (Would, Could) you please do sth.?
What about /How about doing sth.?
It’s a good idea to do sth.
例：I don’t think that he can win the match.
I would like to go for a walk.
Would you like to / please go with me?
Why not go with me? / Why don’t you go home?
How / What about going swimming this afternoon?
It’s a good idea to watch English movies to improve your listening.