It can pay to be a bully.
In a rather disheartening study, a team of researchers led by Darren C. Treadway, of the University at Buffalo School of Management, found that many workplace bullies receive positive evaluations from their supervisors and achieve high levels of career success, despite organizational efforts to curtail bullying.
在一项相当令人沮丧的研究中，纽约州立大学布法罗管理学院(the University at Buffalo School of Management)的达伦·C.特雷德韦(Darren C. Treadway)领导的一个研究小组发现，尽管企业努力减少欺凌行为，但许多职场恶霸都得到了上司的正面评价，而且在事业上平步青云。
The researchers sought to study the relationship between workplace bullying and job performance. They collected behavioral and job-performance data from 54 employees of a U.S. health-care firm, and found a strong correlation between bullying, positive job evaluations and social and political skill in the workplace.
The study defines workplace bullying as 'systematic aggression and violence targeted towards one or more individuals by one individual or by a group.'
The researchers found that many bullies thrive by charming their supervisors and manipulating others to help them get ahead, even while they abuse their co-workers. Because many bullies can 'possess high levels of social ability, 'they are 'able to strategically abuse co-workers and yet be evaluated positively by their supervisor, 'the authors write.
'If people are politically skilled, they can do bad things really well, 'says Dr. Treadway.
(Political skill, Dr. Treadway says, is 'the ability to effectively understand others at work and to use such knowledge to influence others to act in ways that enhance one's personal and/or organizational objectives.')
The study notes that workplace bullying is prevalent: About half of all U.S. employees have witnessed workplace bullying and more than a third have been the target of bullying, according to past research.
The researchers suggest that firms assess civility and camaraderie as part of performance and help staff develop skills to manage bullies.
The study was published earlier this year in the Journal of Managerial Psychology.
这项研究的论文发表在了今年早些时候的《管理心理学杂志》(Journal of Managerial Psychology)上。