1. 句号 Period [.]

用以表示一个句子的结束:

Hockey is a popular sport in Canada.

The federal government is based in Ottawa.

用在缩写中:

B.C. is the province located on the West Coast.

Dr. Bethune was a Canadian who worked in China.

The company is located at 888 Bay St. in Toronto.

It is 4:00 p.m. in Halifax right now.

2. 问号 Question Mark [?]

在句子的结尾使用问号表示是直接疑问句:How many provinces are there in Canada?

注意:在间接疑问句结尾不要加问号:

The teacher asked the class a question.

Do not ask me why.

3. 叹号 Exclamation Mark [!]

在句子的结尾使用叹号表示惊讶、兴奋等情绪:

We won the Stanley Cup!

The forest is on fire!

4. 逗号 Comma [,]

句子中的停顿:Therefore, we should write a letter to the prime minister.

在疑问句中引出说话人:"I can come today," she said, "but not tomorrow."

排列三个或以上的名词:Ontario, Quebec, and B.C. are the three biggest provinces.

引出定语从句:Emily Carr, who was born in 1871, was a great painter.

5. 单引号 Apostrophe [’]

表示所有:This is David’s computer.

These are the player’s things. (things that belong to the player)

Note: 对于复数形式的名词,只加’

These are the players’ things. (things that belong to the players)

缩写I don’t know how to fix it.

6. 引号Quotation Marks ["]

直接引出某人说的话:

The prime minister said, "We will win the election."

"I can come today," she said, "but not tomorrow."

7. 冒号Colon [:]

引出一系列名词:There are three positions in hockey: goalie, defence, and forward.

引出一个较长的引语:The prime minister said: "We will fight. We will not give up. We will win the next election."

8. 分号Semicolon [;]

将两个相关的句子连接起来:The festival is very popular; people from all over the world visit each year.

和逗号一同使用引出一系列名词:The three biggest cities in Canada are Toronto, Ontario; Montreal, Quebec; and Vancouver, B.C.

9. 破折号Dash [-]

在一个句子前作总结:Mild, wet, and cloudy - these are the characteristics of weather in Vancouver.

在一个子的前面或后面加入额外的注释:The children - Pierre, Laura, and Ashley - went to the store. Most Canadians - but not all - voted in the last election.

表示某人在说话过程中被打断:The woman said, "I want to ask - " when the earthquake began to shake the room.

10. 连字符Hyphen [-]

连接两个单词:sweet-smelling; fire-resistant

将前缀:anti-Canadian; non-contact

在数字中使用:one-quarter; twenty-three