PART I- The Dialogue

有几个高中学生在和老师进行讨论。一开始,他们讨论的是课余做工的事。
TEACHER: O.K. - working after school.Ah...Chris, you work after school, don't you? What do you think of it?
CHRIS: I think it's good. It gives me a bit more spending money.
TINA: Hm ... You may be right, Chris, but it can affect your schoolwork.
CHRIS: My school work's O.K. !
TINA: But you don't have any leisure time. It's all work, work, work!
CHRIS: I enjoy myself at work.I meet lots of different people.
TINA: Maybe, but I think people need leisure time. And with exams coming up you need all the time you can get.
PAUL: Right !

后来,他们又讨论关于考试的事。这一段,此处没有选印。不过如果你学了第II部分所列词语,听广播时就没有困难了。

EFA-20-1.jpg

PART II  Vocabulary

leisure time ['leʒətaim] 空闲时间
agree with [ə'gri: wið] 同意
do well ['du:'wel] 做得好,此处指考得好
get sick ['get 'sik] 生病
understand [ʌndə'stænd] 了解
maybe ['mei'bi:] 也许
either ['aiðə/'i:ðə] 也(用于否定句)
I couldn't agree more [ai 'kudənt ə'gri: 'mɔ:] 我太同意了
It gives me a bit more spending money [it 'givz mi: ə'bit'mɔ: 'spendiŋ mʌni:] 这样可以多来点儿零花钱
Look at me! ['luk ət 'mi:] 就拿我来说吧
The thing is,some kids are bright [ðə'ɵiŋ 'iz 'sʌm kidz ə 'brait] 问题是,有的孩子很聪明
They don't do their best in exams [ðei'dəunt du:ðɛə 'best in ig'zæmz] 他们考试的时候,考不出真正的水平
We've got to do them [wi:v 'gɔt tə'du:ðəm] 我们非参加(考试)不可
…with exams coming up [wið ig'zæmz 'kʌmiŋ 'ʌp] 快要考试了
working after school ['wə:kiŋ 'a:ftə 'sku:l] 课余做工
It can affect*your schoolwork [it kən ə'fekt jɔ: 'sku:l wə:k] 这会影响学习的
You need all the time you can get [ju: ni:d 'ɔ:1 ðə 'taim ju: kən 'get] 所有的时间都得用上

*动词affect读音与effect(动词、名词)[ə'fekt]相同。请查名词effect的意思。(实际上名词effect和动词affect是有联系的:to affect sth=to have an effect on sth)

IDIOM:
Let's agree to disagree [lets ə'gri: tə 'disəgri:] 让我们同意结束讨论,各自保留自己的意见吧。
NAMES:
Chris[kris](可能是女子名,是Christina或Christine的呢称;也可能是男子名,是Christopher的呢称。)
Tina['ti:nə](女子名;是Christina的昵称。)
Paul[pɔ:l](男子名)

PART III - The Lesson

AGREEING AND DISAGREEING 同意与不同意

关于怎样表示同意和不同意,我们在第6讲和第19讲里学了以下几个说法:

表示同意 表示不同意
I agree.
I think so too.
So do I.
Right.
I don't agree.
I disagree.
I don't think so.
That's true, but…

在这一讲里,我们要学习以下几个新的说法:

1.HALF-AGREEING WITH SOMEONE表示不完全同意
You may be right, but…(参看对话)
Maybe,but…(参看对话)
随后我们常常要提出相反的意见或论点。广播里有这样一段对话:
JOHN: I like this song. It's lively.
BARBARA:You may be right, but it's noisy.

2.  AGREEING STRONGLY
表示非常同意
表示非常同意,说法很多,常用的有:
Exactly.
I couldn't agree more.

3.  BEING EXTR.A POLITE WHEN DISAGREEING客气地表示不同意
I don't quite agree.(加了quite这个小词,句子就显得较为客气。)
请看下面这个例子:
BARBARA: I like music.
JOHN: I do too.
(请参看第19讲第III部分)

这个说法.可以表示同意,或者表示与前面一句肯定的话相同的意思。

请注意,表示这样的意思,可以使用下面两个公式:
主语+助动词+ TOO 或SO+助动词十主语
He likes music.       She does TOO / SO does she
They'll come.            I will TOO. / SO will I.
We've finished.        Paul has TOO. / SO has Paul.
You remembered.     Chris did TOO. / SO did Chris.

PRONUNCIATION CORNER

a)关于some 一词的读音:
i) [səm] 这是最常用的读法. some后面如有一个名词,而句子的重点也在这个名词,而不在于数量,就用这种读法。
I'd like some tea,thanks.(请注意,这种弱读形式是不能重读的。)
ii) [sʌ m] 表示的意思与(i)相同,但后面没有名词。
Yes, I'd like some, thanks.
iii) [sʌm] 表示一定数量,但句子的重点在于说明只有“少量”,而不在于名词本身。
I've got some paper (but not much).
iv) [sʌm]表示一部分,而不是全部。
Some of my friends.
Some people think…
Some kids get sick…
在上述(iii)和(iv)两种情况,some 一词总是重读的。

b)I couldn't agree more
[ai 'kudənt ə'gri:'mɔ:]
在说这句话时,请注意第二个词与第三个词怎样连读。请反复练习。