PART I - The Dialogue

Ian是个男青年,饱准备油漆一下家里的天花板,请朋友Greg来帮忙。
IAN: I ’m going to paint this ceiling.Umm…Could you give me a hand?
GREG:Sure.What time are you going to start?
IAN:After lunch.Could you come about two o'clock?
GREG:O.K.

EFA-18-1.jpg

IAAN: And would you mind bringing your ladder? I need two ladders,so would you bring yours please?
GREG: I'm afraid I can't, Ian.
IAN: Oh?
GREG: No. The ladder's broken, I'm afraid.
IAN: Oh ... we!l ... I 'll use a chair.
GREG: O.K. I;ll see you about two o'clock.
IAN: Thanks, Greg. See you.

PART II - Vocabulary

a button ['bʌtən] 按钮
a ceiling ['si:liŋ] 天花板
a ladder ['lædə] 梯子
close (the door) ['kləuz] 关(门)
play (music) [plei] 放(音乐)
come in ['kʌm'in] 进来
sit down ['sit 'daun] 坐下
open (sth.) ['əupən] 打开
smoke [sməuk] 吸烟
paint [peint] 油漆
use [ju:z] 用
turn…down ['tə:n...'daun] 拧小
a bit cold/stuffy [ə'bit 'kəuld/'stʌfi:] 有点儿冷/闷
broken ['brəukən] 坏了
Could you give me a hand? [kudju: 'giv miə 'hænd] 帮个忙好吗?
Could you turn it down/off? [kudju: 'tə:nət 'daun/'ɔf] 你能不能把它拧小点儿/把它关了?
I'd rather you didn't [aid 'ra: ðə ju: didənt] 我看你最好不要那样做
I'll see you about two o'clock [ail 'si: ju:ə'baut 'tu:ə'klɔk] 两点钟左右我到你这里来
I'm afraid I can't [aimə'freidai 'ka:nt] 我恐怕办不到
It's jammed [ʤæmd] 卡住了
Let's get started ['1ets get 'sta:təd] 咱们开始吧
Not at all ['nɔtə 'tɔ :l] 一点儿也不(介意)
Of course not [əv 'kɔ:s nɔt] 当然不(介意)
sure [ʃɔ:] 当然
Would you mind not doing that? [wudju:'maind 'nɔt 'du:iŋ ðæt] 你别那样好不好?
You're doing some painting [jɔ: 'du:iŋ səm 'peintiŋ] 你在上油漆呀!

NAMES:
Greg [greg](男子名;Gregory的昵称)
Ian ['i:ən](男子名)

PART III - The Lesson

REQUESTS AND ANSWERS 请求与答复(请参看第9讲)
1.请某人做某事
Would/Could you help me?
Would you mind helping me?

肯定答复
Sure!
O.K.
All right.
Certainly.

否定答复
I'm afraid I can't.
I'm sorry,  I can 't.
Sorry, I can't.

注意:
Sure,O.K.和All right这三种说法比较随便,Certainly比较正式。

2.请某人不做某事
Would you mind not doing that?
Please don't do that.
肯定答复(如果有人要求我们不做某事,我们通常总是同意的。)
O.K.
All right.
Sure !
Certainly.

3.请求允许做某事
A. Can I come in?
Could I use your phone?
May I sit here?
表示允许
Sure.
Of course.
Certainly.
B. Do you mind if I smoke?
表示允许
Of course not.
在回答A和B的问题时,如果表示不允许,可以说:I'd rather you didn't.

注意:
● Could I…比Can I…把握更小一些。
● Do you mind if…这种说法比较客气。
● 请求别人允许做某事,通常是要很客气的。如果要做的事,比如吸烟,可能使人感到不快,问的时候尤其要客气。
● 如果你觉褥你要问的问题不大好间,或可能使人感到尴尬,就可以先说Do you  mind if I ask a question?
● I'd rather you didn't这个说法可能显得有点怪,不过你大概记得第4讲里说过I'd rather=I'd prefer. 至于didn't,它不表示过去的动作,这里用的是虚拟语气。

EFA-18-2.jpg

CONVERSATIONAL DEVICES
a) Look!  意思相当于listen to what I have to say,或What I mean is…
b) I see意思是“我明白了”,可在会话中用作答语。

PART IV - The Songs

你将在广播里听到两支歌曲,一支是Please Don't Tell Me How The Story Ends, 一支是Don't Make Me Laugh。